Title: Genius and Its role in the Schopenhauer Philosophy
Abstract: The idea of genius came to assume a significant position in Modern aesthetics. The concept consisted of a broader meaning in the first place, but in the seventeenth and eighteenth century, it was confined into aesthetic issues. Most of the philosophers defined it as a talent for producing that leads to creating a genuine art. Genius is a key term in Schopenhauer’s philosophy. Showing the domination of the evil and Will in the world, he claims that the only way to emancipate the subject from Will’s domination and raises them to a level of pure perception is genius and genuine art. Thus, the present inquiry aims to review the idea of genius according to Schopenhauer’s philosophy. In this regard, we peruse the questions how Schopenhauer defined the concept and how his definition differed from his previous philosophers. In compare with other philosophers, Schopenhauer considers a broader meaning for the concept and referred the standards of taste to it as well. Our study would reveal that genius, on Schopenhauer’s view, enables the works of art to be perceived by others and as such should be taken to play a central role in perceiving ideas. Genius is a natural ability. It does not derive from any intellectual rule and cannot be learned by following a set of instructions.
Keywords: Schopenhauer, Genius, Will, Art