Title: The Social and Political Role of Art in Farabi’s Utopia According to the Concept of Happiness
Abstract: Happiness is a key term in peripatetic philosophy and particularly in Farabi’s political and social thoughts. On one hand, Farabi believes that the main goal of Politic and society is to help people to reach the state of felicity. This state will be achieved only in his utopia and under the supervision of the prophet (philosopher). On the other hand, he considers beatitude as the ultimate goal of art. Thus, the present research aims to review the relationship between art, society, and politics in Farabi’s philosophy and based on his idea of happiness. Applying a descriptive- analytic study and through the library research method (review of related literature), we review the political and social role of art in his utopia. Our investigation reveals that the founder of Islamic philosopher classifies various levels of happiness including social happiness, afterlife felicity, and individual happiness is driven out of knowledge. He holds that the achievement of the state of happiness is contingent upon a number of preconditions including perfection in both theoretical and practical knowledge, society, will, teachers and guides, and purification of the soul. Sharing the theoretical and practical knowledge, art plays a significant role in Farab’s utopia helping people in the attainment of their afterlife felicity.
Keywords: Islamic art, Farabi, Happiness (Felicity), art, Society